Monday, March 03, 2014

The Uses of Jargon

It's easy for critics of jargon to pick out impenetrable phrases. And I do think there's a good case that we as scholars should be on guard for letting words do our thinking for us. If we cannot easily transpose highly metaphorical phrases like "articulation" into something more direct, that's a potential sign there's something intellectually prefabricated about the jargon.

But I want to offer up an example of how I see jargon as functional. The word distanciation in film studies refers to a process by which the film nudges the spectator back from emotional immediacy of narrative, documentary argument, etc. It has a synonym, distance, which is a perfectly simple, ordinary English word that could in fact be used in place of distanciation. After all, one is talking about metaphorical distance. So,
"The scene slowly introduces distanciating sound design"... could read
"The scene slowly introduces sound design that metaphorically distances the spectator."
... but that would be less economical.

Even if one could make an economical switch, something gets lost. Distanciation immediately suggests that this process of creating distance will work in similar ways to the many other instances film scholars have pointed out in cinema. Distance does not.

Like any word, jargon contains connotations. I'd probably break down jargon's connotation into stylistic -- certain words feel French or German in their provenance -- and argumentative attributes -- we associate prior arguments with jargon words. Perhaps the worst offenders of jargon are those in which it's harder to point to the denotation than the connotation, but at its best jargon economically synthesizes the two.

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