Thursday, May 31, 2012

The Victory of Paracinema

I think it's some kind of index that Wikipedia's page on the B Movie is so developed. Compare to the non-coverage of classical cinema in entries on the dramatic film and even for melodrama.

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

The Guilt of Janet Ames

The Guilt of Janet Ames (Henry Levin, Columbia) seems almost like a compendium of the standing motifs for my book and my 1947 viewing: historical trauma, psychologism, social problem content, class critique, postwar optimism - all rolled into a noirish psychological drama about a war widow (Rosalind Russell) trying to process the emotions of losing her husband. At one point her interlocutor says, "There's a time to remember and a time to forget." Not that far beneath the surface, the film exhorts the spectator to put the trauma of the war behind her and to embrace the optimism of a postwar society (here figured by married couples building homes, having children, and starting out on careers).

For all of the familiar elements, The Guilt of Janet Ames is an unexpected, over-the-top experience. For instance, in one of the film's many dream sequences, Sid Caesar delivers a stand up routine mocking Hollywood's flirtation with social science by adopting the persona of a German intellectual advisor to Hollywood (Adorno meets Kracauer?) discussing the new "pscyhological pictures" in Hollywood.

Stylistically, the film at first seems noir-by-numbers with a flat contrasty style from the Fox universe...

...the exaggerated lighting contrast, a la Warner Brothers, of the procedural.

and more spectacularly, the Expressionist dream sequences that's part Stranger on the Third Floor, part Secret Beyond the Door.

Still, the DP is Joseph Walker, who never fully abandons a Romantic style, especially for his lead actors.

The film overall lays bare the tension film scholars and cinephiles show between noir exceptionalism (noir as modernist good object in otherwise Romanticist old Hollywood) and genius-of-the-system appreciation. What I find particularly interesting are the stylistic tendencies which are neither distinctively Walker's nor isolated to film noir. For instance, this kind of composition - figures framed very tightly, faces pushing toward the frame edge, space diagonal - is just the kind of "arty" composition that 1940s cinematographers and directors were likely to choose.

Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Paul Willemen

I have learned from Catherine Grant that Paul Willemen has passed away. There's a fitting tribute from a number of scholars at her Film Studies for Free blog, which also has links to Willemen writings online as well as links to scholars influenced by him.

Like many others, I have found Paul Willemen's work very useful, from his diagnosis of the Sirkian System to his theoretical reflections on Third Cinema and cinephilia. Willemen brought some of the best tendencies of 1970s film theory, yet he was also continually looking to push for new directions and set new critical agendas.

Moreover, as film scholarship is reengaging a dialogue with film criticism, Willemen's model of scholarship has come back into vogue. His interview with Haile Gerima in Framework, for instance, exhibits to my mind the wonderful potential of the scholarly-interview format.

Stopping to reflect back on this career, it makes me want to revisit his scholarship, to read more.